Matthew Fontaine Maury
In the summer of 1865 some southerners facing economic ruin, military occupation and possible imprisonment, decided to emigrate. Commodore Matthew Maury, one of
’s greatest experts on
oceanography before the war led hundreds of ex-Confederates into America to put
their services and experience at the disposal of the Emperor Maximilian. Mexico
Maximilian had come to the throne in 1863, under the guarantee of the Emperor Napoleon III of France, that the French army would remain in Mexico until an independent Mexican army could be trained and equipped.
Maximilian was anxious to welcome honest and hard-working colonists from the devastated southern states, and offered the colonists fertile land, particularly suited to the cultivation of tobacco, at the nominal rate of one dollar an acre. The Imperial Mexican government pledged itself to provide free transportation for those unable to pay their own fares and to exempt all immigrants from taxation for a period of ten years. The new colony was called the “Carlota Colony”, in honor of the Empress.
Maury was appointed the first Imperial Immigration Commissioner, but his dreams of a new life in Mexico were no to be. Soon the
was trying to oust Maximilian. The
United States began providing massive amounts of arms to rebels hostile to
Maximilian, while simultaneously threatening the French. The French army withdrew. The Imperial Mexican army was unable to fill
the vacuum in the face of massive American pressure. The Empire collapsed and the Emperor was
executed on United States June 19, 1867. Maury and his Confederate followers found
themselves once again dispossessed.
The last death agonies of the Confederacy captured in pictures.
A brief look at love, sex, and marriage in the Civil War. The book covers courtship, marriage, birth control and pregnancy, divorce, slavery and the impact of the war on social customs.